13:49:19 09.07.2014 kawabansa
 

Common Symptoms of Anxiety Attacks

Anxiety affects people in different ways. It truly depends on the type of fear you have, the support you gather from those around you as well as your own personal ability to cope with issues regarding your fears and whether or not you have the strength or mental capacity to control yourself during the midst of an anxiety attack. There are consistent symptoms of panic attack that most everyone deals with, at varied severity. Most people who suffer from severe anxiety attacks feel a fear that is almost paralyzing during the actual attack. Some will find that they shake uncontrollably, almost like a shiver that you can’t contain because you are cold. You may feel a tingling sensation at the end of your fingertips or toes as well. Although there is nothing medically wrong with your breathing, during an attack, you may feel as though you are unable to get a deep breath which can leave you feeling extremely lightheaded. As explained before, your body is able to get enough oxygen, but your mind is telling you something different.
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Nursing Considerations for Managing Antidepressants

The best way to deal with the effects of drugs for depression is to know the possible interventions that are very effective in dealing with it. Most of the time, health care providers such as nurses will give health teachings and measures to the folks prior to discharge of right after the consultation. Ideally, these measures should be carefully practiced in order for them to avoid necessary condition that is inappropriate for the illness of the patient.

Nursing Considerations

The proper way of administering and storing drugs for depression are as follows:
1.In adolescents and elderly clients, use lower initial dosage than in adults; gradually increase dose as needed. It is very important for the folks to consult the dosages to the doctor and make a note which will serve as a guide for the treatment regimen;
2.Individualize dose according to age, weight, physical and mental condition, and response to the therapy. Client’s show the largest relative improvement during the first week of treatment regimen;
3.For maintenance therapy, a single daily dosages must be administered;
4.Dose usually administered at bedtime, so any anticholinergic and or sedative effects will not affect the activities of daily living;
5.To reduce the incidence of sedation and anticholinergic effects, start taking drugs for depression in small dosages and gradually increase to desired dosage levels.

Assessment

Another important factor that a client the health care provider should perform to a patient receiving drugs for depression is to identify the following points:
1.Note the reasons for therapy, behavioral manifestations, symptoms onset, and causative factor that causes depression. Identify if the patient is receiving electroconvulsive therapy. Check if the patient is receiving hazardous combination of drugs that can interact to the effects of antidepressants;
2.Monitor the mental status of the patient. Assess for mood of dysphoria, suicidal ideation, and excessive appetite or weigh changes. Note the incidents were clients suffer from sleep disturbances, lethargy, apathy, physical hygiene, impaired thought processes or lack of response and attention;
3.List drugs that are currently prescribed and received by the patient, some may intensify depressive reactions include antihypertensive drugs, antiparkinsonism drugs, hormones, steroids, anticancer agents and antituberculosis drugs;
4.Monitor the complete blood count, renal and liver function tests of the patient. This may indicated if the patient suffers from organ toxicity and other hematologic conditions after taking drugs for depression. Record ECG, assess heart sounds (to identify heart block), note any coronary artery disorder, and evaluate neurologic functioning. Assess for tachycardia and increase in angina attacks; may precede to myocardial infarction (heart attack) or stroke;
5.Note for the result of eye exam, report visual changes, headaches, halos, eye pain, dilated pupils, or nausea. May need to change the dosage especially if the patient has an eye problem like glaucoma;
6.Monitor the intake and output, report for abdominal distention, urinary retention, and absence of bowel sounds (paralytic ileus);
7.Differentiate type of depression based on diagnostic features relate to reactive, major depressive, or bipolar affective disorders. Review symptoms to determine if affective, somatic, psychomotor or psychological in nature.

Interventions

Appropriate actions must be initiated to patient who suffers from adverse reaction after taking drugs for depression:
1.Note the signs and symptoms of allergic response like easy bruising, fever, rashes, urticarial and itchiness;
2.Assess for adverse reactions that involves endocrine disturbances such as increase or decrease in blood sugar level, gynecomastia (abnormal breast enlargement), testicular swelling (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia). Assess for the cardiac rate to determine if the patient is suffering from tachycardia and other forms of arrhythmias that is precipitated by drugs for depression;
3.Report symptoms that are indicating for hepatic toxicity. Yellowish discoloration of the skin (jaundice) is the best sign that needs to be monitored. If the patient, suffers from this condition, it must be reported immediately to the doctor;
4.Discontinue taking antidepressants several days prior to surgery. This type of drug can adversely affect the blood pressure. Withdraw therapy in a gradual manner to avoid any withdrawal symptoms.
5.Assess for epileptic activities. The drug can precipitate occurrence of seizures to the patient.

Here are the nursing considerations in managing drugs for depression. This is to help people who should adjust to their patient suffering from depression. It is very helpful and must be instilled for proper observation and execution. It can aid the people to prevent unwanted signs and symptoms that will affect the condition of the patient.
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Common Side Effects of Antidepressants

In every medication, it is composed of chemicals that can stimulate the organ functions. Some of this can definitely affect the well-being of a person. It can be mild, moderate or severe but sometimes this can cause toxicity which is very detrimental. The drugs for depression are the same with other types of medicine that has its underlying side effects. It is very important for the person who will take it to understand the common adverse reaction in order for them to make an immediate intervention.

Most of the side effects that are being manifested by people who are taking drugs for depression are caused by the chemical component of the drug. Others may not be felt or observed but to some, the manifestations become worsen after taking the drugs. There are few cases of people who suffered from severe adverse reactions which causes organ toxicity. If a person suffers from this, they should inform the doctor immediately.

Long-term used of drugs for depression can cause different physiologic disturbances. Most frequent side effects are sedation and atropine-like adverse reactions. Patients suffer from CNS disturbance due to the effects of the drug are most likely to observe agitation and akathisia. People taking this drug can also suffer from disturbed concentration, disorientation, drowsiness and dizziness. There are the common manifestations that affect the neurological system. Special precautions and measure must be observed to avoid accidents.

Other neurological side effects of drugs for depression are fatigue, hallucinations, delusions and nervousness. Symptoms which can affect the cognitive aspect of a person must be reported to the doctor to receive proper medical management in preventing it from worsening. It is best to inform the client and folks about this situation because this is the main reason why most people who are taking antidepressants are not complying with the regimen. Controlling the external stimulus can help the patient to avoid thought disorder. Presenting reality to the patient is the best way to avoid hallucinations and delusions.

Anticholinergic symptoms include dry mouth, blurred vision, increased intraocular pressure, constipation, urinary retention and hyperpyrexia. These symptoms may vary accordingly based on the body response of the patient towards drugs for depression. Good oral hygiene must be performed to prevent dryness of mouth. Increasing fiber in the diet as well as ingesting large amount of fluids can help the patient relieve from constipation. Fever will be treated with tepid sponge bath. Urinary retention must be reported immediately to the doctor, same with increase IOP and blurred vision. These are danger signs of toxicity that can harm the well-being of the patient. An immediate intervention to the patient who suffers from these manifestations will be given.

Symptoms affecting the Cardio-Vascular system include tachycardia, syncope, heart block and arrhythmias. Monitoring of the cardiac rate as well taking an Electrocardiogram test will identify the cardiac functioning and electrical activity of the heart. Heart block is one of the major adverse effects of the drug that needs special attention. This can lead to myocardial infarction and it must be referred immediately to the doctor. Heart block can be identified through ECG.

Genital-Urinary side effects include irregular menstruation, impotence, decrease or increase in libido, breast enlargement, nocturia and urinary frequency. Clients who suffer from these manifestations must be referred to the doctor as soon as it begins to appear. Female client with irregular menstrual period must inform the doctor about her condition. This is to provide the doctor with a prescribe amount of drug that can be given to them.

Gastro-Intestinal adverse reactions may include nausea and vomiting, abdominal discomfort, anorexia, diarrhea, constipation, black tongue and dysphagia. For patients who are feeling nauseated must take bed rest while the symptoms are appearing. Clients must modify their usual diet according to the manifestations which are brought by taking drugs for depression.

Hematologic and Metabolic systems are affected by the antidepressants. People who suffer from these will display edema, itching, rash, urticarial. The client can also exhibit signs of having a decrease or increase in the level of blood sugar. Controlling the sugar intake must be reinforced as this can only increase the susceptibility of the patient to have diabetes mellitus. Rashes and itchiness can be relieved by soaking in warm water. Using of other topical ointments must be consulted to the doctor before using it.

These are the common side effects of antidepressants. It may or may not affect the person but this should be carefully assessed in order for them to have an immediate action that can alleviate the condition.
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Prohibited Activities during Antidepressant Therapy

People who suffer from depression fail to adapt with the changing environment. Most of them are aloft and prefers to be alone. They may perceive life as worthless and has no meaning at all. For them, living in this world has no purpose. That is why most of depressed people tend to commit suicide. Medical intervention associated with the use of drugs for depression is the common option given by the doctor to patient who suffers from this mental illness. However, there are some restricted activities that must be taken into consideration while the patient is on medical therapy.

Daily living activities are always a part of our usual routine. It is very important task that an individual should be carrying. In this case, people who are taking drugs for depression must limit some of their normal routines because it can imply situations that will only worsen the adverse effect of the drug. The following activities are restricted to patient who undergoes antidepressant therapy:
1.Alcohol Consumption. Most of the depressed people are indulging themselves with consuming a large amount of alcoholic beverages. It is considered as a way for them to suppress the situation or crisis that affects them. Intense anxiety can only cause the person to be susceptible with this mental illness. If in case that the person is diagnosed to have depression and they are subjected to take the drugs for depression, as much as possible, they have to limit or totally avoid drinking alcoholic beverages. The drug has a sedative effect that can influence the neurologic function of the body. Alcohol can stimulate the brain by affecting the neurotransmitters which will interact to the effect of the drug.
2.Smoking or ingesting of nicotine. Variably, smoking is one of the most common forms of vices that a depressed person engages. Same as with the alcohol, nicotine can also affect the neurologic function thereby, interacting with the effects of the drugs for depression. Second-hand smoking is much worst compare to direct smoking because the chemicals that are being inhaled can directly affect the lungs. Take note, the antidepressant drugs has an adverse reaction which may cause pulmonary problems and if nicotine is accumulated in the lungs, it may eventually double the chances for having pulmonary problems. Therefore, people who are taking this drug must avoid this activity.
3.Exposure to sunlight. Too much exposure to sunlight is not advisable to patients who are taking drugs for depression. It is simply because the drug has an effect that can alter the skin pigmentation of the patient. A certain chemical component of the drug stimulates the melanocyte which is responsible for maintaining the skin pigmentation. The drug is also noted for causing skin burning. A protective gear or cloth must be worn by the patient who is taking the drug if they are required to go outside. Ideally, patient should also stay inside the house to avoid this unwanted symptom.
4.Diet. Most of the depressed patients who are taking drugs for depression are well-stimulated with the drug. It means that the client is prone to eat a large amount of foods. It’s not prohibited to eat more foods but they must take into considerations that eating unhealthy foods in large amount is not advisable. Healthy foods are suggested to patient who is currently on medical therapy. Depressed people are fond of eating sweets while they are on drug therapy. They have to monitor their sugar intake because the drug influences the metabolic function of the body wherein an increase or decrease in blood sugar level can occur.
5.Strenuous Exercises. There are exercises which is not ideal for the patients who are taking drugs for depression. Strenuous type of activities can be tiresome. If a person is on drug therapy, they usually manifest dizziness and drowsiness due to the sedative effect of the drug. If the patient performs heavy lifting of object, driving a car and other mobile activities, they are prone to accidents. This must be restricted as much as possible to prevent situations which are caused by massive activities.

It is ideal for the depressed patient to maintain their normal activities because it can help them to combat their condition. However, this must be referred to the doctor if it is indicated or not.
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Contraindication of Anti-Depressant Drugs

Depression is a form of mental illness that can occur to a person who suffered from mild to severe traumatic incident. There are people who are prone to depression due to situational crises that affects his or her normal life. However, there are certified drugs for depression that are currently prescribed by the doctor to prevent suicidal thoughts that can aggravate the condition. It is a common thinking that every medication has its contraindication. Here are some situations that are contraindicated for anti-depressant drugs.

The treatment used for mood disorders such as depression is progressively acknowledged as a long-term form of treatment. Since, depression is considered as a chronic mental illness especially to those who have relapsing events of depression. A person who is taking drugs for depression for a longer period of time and eventually discontinued the maintenance is subject for a longer period of treatment.

Person with a severe impairment of liver function is contraindicated to take drugs for depression. The anti-depressant drugs influences the liver functions by producing enzymes that can detoxify the chemicals which are constituted in the medicine. It was noted that anti-depressant drugs can cause hepatic toxicity and eventually will only worsen the liver condition of the patient who is taking the drugs.

Person with altered Central Nervous System is contraindicated to drugs for depression. The drug itself can also cause the electrical activity of the brain which can be monitored in the Electroencephalogram (EEG), it can also cause the patient to suffer from agitation and akathisia. All of these manifestations are common side effects of the drug.

Patient with Parkinson Disease is also prohibited to take this type of drug because there are chemicals in the drug that affects the neurotransmitter of the brain. Extrapyramidal symptom such as tardive dyskinesia is very common to patient who is taking drugs for depression. This manifestation is considered as a pathognomonic sign for Parkinson Disease. If a person with this neurological problem is taking the anti-depressant agent, it may only increase the chance of the patient from suffering this unwanted condition. Hence, it is not advisable for them to take the drug.

People with severe heart problems should consult the doctor before taking drugs for depression. Arrhythmias and heart block affecting the AV node is another adverse effect of the drug. If a patient with cardiac problems is taking this drug, the chances of having myocardial infarction is increased. Susceptibility to hypertension that can lead to stroke is enhanced if the patient with heart problems is taking the anti-depressant agent.

Patient with Diabetes Mellitus should also consider their metabolic condition because the drugs for depression can also affect the blood sugar level. An increase or decrease in blood sugar will determine the adverse reaction of the person towards taking the drug. It is best for patient with this chronic disease to inform the doctor before taking the medicine because it may harm the condition and may lead to serious physiologic and metabolic problems.

Female person who has irregular menstruation should yield from using drugs for depression; they must inform the doctor about it because anti-depressant drugs can also cause irregularities in menstrual period. Patient with history of renal problems must be referred to the doctor before taking the medicine. The anti-depressant drugs can also cause urinary problems such as nocturia (urgency to urinate at night) and urinary frequency.

These are the common conditions and problems of a person who must take into consideration before taking anti-depressant drugs. It may harm the well-being of the person taking it and this may worsen the problem. It is best for them to consult their doctor and inform them about their current health state before taking the drugs. Most importantly, clients who are subject to take this type of medication should inform their doctor regarding the manifestations of clinical signs and symptoms that are appearing right after taking the medicine. A prescribed intervention will be taken into implementation if these are being referred immediately. Proper observation of these signs can prevent the person from having severe complications brought by taking the drugs. Ideally, a constant monitoring of the organ function by several tests is required while the patient is taking the medication.
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Special Precautions for taking Antidepressants

Many people are often preoccupied with taking the pharmacological agents that are used to treat their condition. Mental illness referring to mood disorder such as depression is subject for pharmaceutical treatment. Most of these drugs have underlying side effects due to the chemical components that can affect the entire system of the body. There are serious cases that need medical attention if the patient is taking drugs for depression. Here are the special precautions that a person who is taking this kind of drug must be aware.

Depression affects all walks of life. This means that the condition can occur to children and elders, both man and woman. Pregnant clients who are subject to take drugs for depression have special needs and considerations that must be taken as a priority for the doctor who are prescribing the medication. Research pertaining to the effects of this drug is being studied to identify the special precautions to people. The effects of the medication are unknown to the growing client, aging client and childbearing client.

The drugs for depression increase the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior (suicidality) in short-term studies in children and adolescents with major depressive disorder and other psychiatric disorders. Anyone considering the use of antidepressant drugs in a child or adolescent must balance the risk with the clinical need. Clients who started on their therapy should be observed carefully for clinical worsening, suicidal ideation, or unusual changes in behavior. Families and caregivers should be advised of the need for close observation and communication with the prescriber.

People who are taking drugs for depression must know the short-term placebo-controlled trials of nine antidepressant drugs in children and adolescents with major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or other psychiatric disorders revealed a greater risk of adverse reactions during the first few months of treatment. The average risk of such reactions in clients receiving antidepressants was 4%, twice the placebo risk of 2%. No suicides occurred in these trials.

Use of drugs for depression in young adults, ages 18-24 years, may also be associated with suicidal ideation. This age group should be monitored carefully if they are taking antidepressant drugs to treat their mental illness. Use with caution during lactation and with epilepsy (seizure threshold is lowered), cardio vascular disorders (possibility of conduction defects, arrhythmias, congested heart failure, sinus tachycardia, myocardial infarction (heart attack) strokes, tachycardia, glaucoma, benign prostatic hyperplasia, suicidal tendencies, a history of urinary retention, and the elderly. Use during pregnancy only when benefits clearly outweighs the risks.

Generally, it is not recommended for children who are less than 12 years old. Geriatric clients maybe more sensitive to anticholinergic and sedative side effects of drugs for depression Electroconvulsive therapy may increase the hazards of the therapy.

This could only mean that people who are younger, older and pregnant are susceptible for the side effects that can occur to patient who are taking the drugs. It is best for them to consult for another alternative treatment used for treating mental illness such as depression. The doctor will suggest several tests or examinations that can monitor the condition of the person who will take the drugs for depression. The purpose for this is to provide a clearer picture for the doctor to decide whether the patient is subject for this type of therapy or not.

Most of all, the doctor will ask for the previous health history of the patient before deciding to prescribed antidepressant drugs. It is advisable that the client should also undergo therapeutic treatments and other alternative way of treating depression before going with the pharmaceutical agents. Otherwise, people who will take the risk using this type of therapy should be informed with the possible side effects of the drug. The main objective for this is to prevent anxiety and at the same time will limit the possibility of discontinuing the drug treatment. It is not good to stop taking the medication or poor compliance because it can only lead to a possible longer period of treatment. Much worst is, the condition of the patient will eventually lead to a more serious situation. Adverse effects will be monitored and referred to the doctor along with the series of laboratory tests that are useful for thorough assessment.
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Clients and Family Teaching for Patient taking Antidepressants

The importance of health teaching to people who are taking drugs for depression must be reinforced by the health care givers such as doctors. This should be strictly instilled to the folks so that, they will be aware of the possible intervention to prevent complications. Most importantly, clients who are taking the drug must be closely monitored and proper communication must take place between the folks and the patient. Therapeutic environment is advisable to people who suffers from mental illness like depression.

The following health teachings have a very significant role for patient who is taking drugs for depression:
1.Take the antidepressant drug at bedtime. This is to minimize the daytime sedation; clients must take the medication in the morning or upon rising if they suffer from insomnia or other sleeping pattern disturbances.
2.Use caution when performing tasks requiring mental alertness or physical coordination. The drugs for depression may cause drowsiness or incoordination. Rise slowly from a lying position. Do not remain standing in one place for any length of time. If feeling faint, lie down to minimize the blood pressure effects.
3.Gastro Intestinal complaints of anorexia, nausea and vomiting, epigastria distress, diarrhea, blackened tongue or a peculiar taste require a dosage adjustment. Take with or immediately following meals to reduce gastric irritation.
4.Increase oral hygiene, take frequent sips of water, suck on hard candy or chew sugarless gum to maintain a moist mouth. A high-fiber diet, increase fluid intake, exercises and stool softeners may prevent constipation. The drugs for depression can also affect the carbohydrate metabolism; an adjustment of diabetic agents and diet may be indicated.
5.Avoid prolong sun exposure, use sunscreen and protection if exposure is necessary. It may cause changes in skin pigmentation and skin burning.
6.The drugs for depression may alter libido or reproductive function. Practice reliable birth control method. Report if pregnancy is suspected. May consider sperm/egg harvesting prior to starting therapy.
7.Report alterations in perceptions like hallucinations, blurred vision, excessive stimulations. Watch those recovering from depression for suicidal tendencies. Remove firearms/weapons from the place.
8.It may take 4-6 weeks to realize a maximum clinical response. Stay on treatment regimen. The client should see the provider more often during the first 2-3 weeks of treatment. Prescriptions will be given for a small amount to ensure the compliance and to prevent an overdose. Excess consumption of drugs for depression can be lethal. The family should have the number of the hospital or physician if in case of an emergency situation can occur.
9.Do not stop the medication abruptly. The client may suffer from unwanted signs and symptoms of withdrawal. The client should avoid taking other drugs and alcohol during the first 2 weeks following the antidepressant treatment.
10.Review when and how to take the drugs for depression, reportable side effects and importance of regular participation in psychotherapy programs if indicated must be taken into consideration.
11.It is best for the family to carefully observe the condition of the patient if worsening of signs and symptoms may appear visible.
12.The family should engage in a social or community group that provides information regarding on how to deal with depression.

These are the important health teachings for patient and his or her family to cope in order for them to deal with mental illness as well as with the special considerations in taking drugs for depression. Eventually, it may also provide them an idea on how to intervene with the serious problems that can actually occur if these things will not work out well. Finally, the client must have a constant communication with other support system. This can help them treat the patient from depression. They must pay serious attention to situation that can alarm them if the client exhibits suicidal ideation, as this is very common for them. Showing love and care to this people must be shown since depressed people may have altered perspective to life. They tend to think that life is worthless and nobody cares about him or her. So it is very important for us to adjust and cope with the dilemmas that influence the behavior of the client with depression.
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Signs & Symptoms of Depression

Whether you have a friend, family member or you yourself are feeling depressed, then you have to know what the signs & symptoms of depression are. Depression is a serious mental illness that can affect everything about your life and can even affect your health. If you or a loved one is suffering from it, you could be seeking help so that you can get better and go on with your life.

Studies show that one in four Americans experience depression at least once in their life. This stems from a variety of issues but, mostly exhibits the same symptoms. The signs & symptoms of depression include everything from irritability, to weight gain to insomnia. While all of these signs & symptoms of depression can be considered to be normal aspects of your life, it is not normal to experience them frequently.

Sleeping Trouble

One of the major signs & symptoms of depression is sleeping trouble. Whether you are sleeping too much or too little, it could be contributing to your depression. Studies have even indicated that insomnia can cause depression because it leaves the body feeling tired and sluggish leaving you with no energy. This can result in a ‘down’ perspective of life and eventually result in depression. Sleeping too much can also cause depression because it creates an imbalance of necessary chemicals in the brain.

Unfortunately, both of these signs & symptoms of depression can both cause depression and be caused by it. It is important to talk with your doctor about sleeping aids if you are not getting enough sleep, even if you don’t exhibit any other signs & symptoms of depression.

Listlessness

Listlessness can be described as a lack of energy or interest in anything. This can include a lack of motivation at home and at your work. These signs & symptoms of depression can include lack of energy and the feeling that you don’t have enough energy to get up to get the remote off of the counter and even the feeling that you can’t do anything. Listlessness is one of the most common signs & symptoms of depression and is a serious problem. If you are frequently listless, you should see your doctor. If it is not caused by depression than it is likely caused by sleeping issues or a major medical problem that must be dealt with, a normal and healthy person does not experience listlessness on a daily basis.

Listlessness is one of the signs & symptoms of depression that can result in worsened depression. It can result in being fired from work due to poor productivity, can result in little to no time being spent with friends or family and can result in spending too much time asleep and even in avoiding things that you used to love to do. All of these signs & symptoms of depression will work to make your depression worse because you will find yourself doing nothing with nothing to do which for most people, is very depressing.

Lifestyle Changes

Signs & symptoms of depression also include lifestyle changes. Check your habits. Many people who are depressed begin compulsive gambling, drive recklessly, do dangerous things, involve themselves in dangerous sports or spend their money recklessly. This is escapist behavior and all of these activities are common signs & symptoms of depression. Most people who suffer from depression use this behavior as an attempt to temporarily escape from the despair of their day to day lives.

Other lifestyle changes that are signs & symptoms of depression include your eating habits. Eating substantially more or substantially less than usual are very common signs & symptoms of depression. For most people, food is linked to happiness, and some people eat more when unhappy while some eat less. If your body weight has changed by more than 5% in the last month, you have signs & symptoms of depression.

The most important lifestyle changes that are signs & symptoms of depression is a lack of contact with people. Whether you feel inadequate for meeting with your friends or you feel as though you just don’t have the energy, most people with depression go through a significant decrease in time spent in their social circles. Some depressed people even lose touch with their friends and family altogether which can result in increased depression.

Signs and symptoms of depression are serious and you should always go to your doctor with any of them. Most problems, even if not linked to depression, can be a sign of something wrong with your body. You should always attempt to recognize the signs and symptoms of depression and ask your doctor about it.

If you aren’t sure ask yourself these questions. Are you happy? Are you living how you want to? Do you spend as much time doing things you love as you used to? Do you sleep well? Do you feel overworked or frequently stressed? Has anxiety or stress become part of your life? If you have answered yes to any of these questions, then you are exhibiting signs & symptoms of depression.

Other serous signs & symptoms of depression include unexplained aches and pains anywhere on your body. Any major changes in your diet, lifestyle or personality are very serious. Even if you feel sad or hopeless for no reason, you could be showing signs & symptoms of depression.

Remember that depression is a fully reversible mental illness. By making lifestyle changes, perhaps taking medication and taking steps to make yourself happy, you can remove the signs & symptoms of depression.
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Signs and Symptoms of Depression in Women

Depression is a problem that affects some 25 million Americans each year, but is most commonly seen in women. Statistics show that women are more than two times likely to be depressed as men, which puts women at a much higher risk. Women aged 30-65 are also at higher risk for depression, especially if they are living with a stressful job, on their own or with family or monetary problems.

Signs and symptoms of depression in women include problems that can stem from everything from sleeping issues to problems with the reproductive organs. Signs and symptoms of depression in women can often be different from those in men, and can be caused by a wider range of problems so if you are a woman experiencing any of these symptoms, you should immediately consult your doctor.

The most common signs and symptoms of depression in men include feelings of hopelessness, guilt, eating more fatty foods and carbohydrates and consecutive weight gain, excessive sleeping and the feeling of inadequacy are much more pronounced in female depression then in male depression.

Guilt

One of the most common signs and symptoms of depression in women is guilt. If you are feeling guilty about anything, or feeling guilty for long periods of time, evaluate it. Unless you have accidently burned your neighbor’s house down, chances are, you shouldn’t be feeling guilt for long periods of time, even if you have done something against your moral code. Feeling guilty is usually a symptom that results from doing something that you consider is wrong, and will go away when the problem is remedied. If you are feeling guilty for any other reason, you are experiencing one of the signs and symptoms of depression in women.

Excessive Eating

One of the major signs and symptoms of depression in women is excessive eating. Usually this means a few extra stops at the snack bar to load up on French fries, buying extra chips or essentially stocking up on carbohydrates. Doctors say that you should be alarmed if you gain more than 5% of your bodyweight in one month. If you weigh 130 lbs., that’s as easy as gaining 6.5 pounds. Depression causes your body to crave ‘feel good’ salty foods that temporarily make you happy but will later result in a crash and weight gain that will increase your depression. Most doctors recommend that if you have food cravings during depression, you grab sunflower seeds, dark chocolate and fruit because they are lower in calories, carbohydrates and sugar.

Over Sleeping

Hypersomnia is another one of the signs and symptoms of depression in women. Most women feel overly tired and lethargic during depression which causes them to attempt to ‘sleep it off’. Over time, this results in imbalanced chemicals in the brain and the need to sleep even more which will result in furthering depression. Over sleeping is one of the signs and symptoms of depression in women that can stem from a variety of problems, so you should definitely see your doctor.

Attitude Changes

Attitude or personality changes of any kind should be considered seriously. Many of the signs and symptoms of depression include irritability, anger and lack of interest. First, any out of the ordinary irritability or anger (without cause) is serious and could stem from any sort of mental or physical problems.

Reckless behavior such as excessive gambling, driving too fast or aggressively, getting into fights, excessive drinking and engaging in dangerous activities are also all signs and symptoms of depression in women. You should avoid this behavior as it leads to further depression and worse circumstances. Studies also show that alcohol can drastically increase depression, especially in women so if you are exhibiting any of the signs and symptoms of depression in women, you should refrain from drinking. If you have to calm down, a nice cup of tea made with the calming herb chamomile should do the trick.

Remember that many of the signs and symptoms of depression in women are very similar to the signs and symptoms of pregnancy. If you are experiencing any of these problems, you should definitely get a pregnancy test done, even if you are currently taking birth control. Pregnancy is one of the leading causes of depression in younger women

The signs and symptoms of depression in women are often related to menstrual changes, pregnancy or even PMS. If you feel that you are experiencing these symptoms outside of the norm, you should definitely visit a doctor. Studies show that 6 out of ten cases of depression exhibiting the signs and symptoms of depression in women are never diagnosed, and even more of them are not diagnosed for more than a year. Depression is not something you have to live with, if you are experiencing the signs and symptoms of depression in women, go see your doctor.

Remember that while other things can cause the signs and symptoms of depression in women, depression is a very common thing. If you are suffering from unusual sadness, irritability or other signs and symptoms of depression in women when combined with feeling insignificant, guilty or even having poor self-esteem, then you probably have major depression.

It is important to see your doctor about any of the signs and symptoms of depression in women, even if you do not have depression, you could be suffering from another problem that is causing you to feel depressed.
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Signs and Symptoms of Depression in Men

The signs and symptoms of depression in men are generally easy to recognize and can be picked up as major changes in lifestyle, personality and activity. While sometimes these changes can be attributed to illness, usually the signs and symptoms of depression in men are easily noticeable and hard to mistake for other problems.

First, depression is not something to be ashamed of and if you are experiencing any of the signs and symptoms of depression in men, you should see your doctor. He can help you to find a solution and possibly root out the cause of your depression which is the easiest way to fix it.

Second, if you have a cause for being depressed, you might want to wait it out for a short term to see if it goes away. Good causes include familial deaths, recent loss of job or etc. This type of depression should not last more than three months but will display all of the signs and symptoms of depression in men.

Here are a few of the most common signs and symptoms of depression in men. Lack of interest, lack of energy, feeling of hopelessness, low self-esteem, extreme criticism of self, reckless behavior, suicidal tendencies, feeling of guilt, change in movement, change in sleeping patterns, negative thoughts, loss of appetite or extreme appetite, weight gain or loss and much more.

The most concerning signs and symptoms of depression in men is the one most commonly associated with depression. You are down and have been for a long time. You feel depressed and you feel hopeless. Nothing will ever get better and you have no hope but to be miserable. You frequently experience anxiety and stress that may stem from your job, your family, money issues or even from nothing at all. IF you experience these problems, they aren’t real; they are only signs and symptoms of depression in men. Each of these symptoms means that you are experiencing depression. Nearly any situation can be gotten out of, and so can depression. If you are exhibiting these signs and symptoms of depression in men, see a doctor, he can help. Criticism and guilt are other signs and symptoms of depression in men. IF you over overly critical of yourself, feel guilty for no reason or feel guilty about something that shouldn’t affect you, you might be depressed. Feeling guilt, depression and anxiety are all signs and symptoms of depression in men when experienced over long periods of time.

The next signs and symptoms of depression in men is the feeling of worthlessness. If you feel as though you are not good enough, inadequate, always failing and are severely critical of failure in yourself, then you might be suffering from depression. These signs and symptoms of depression in men often stem from being fired from a job, going without work or losing a romantic partner unexpectedly. Even if you have not gone through any of these instances, you could still be experiencing these signs and symptoms of depression in men. These are serious side effects of things that happen in your life and should be dealt with as soon as possible so that you can be happy.

You might also be eating more or less than usual. Normally men who suffer from depression notice that they have a significantly decreased appetite and that they lose weight quickly. If you have lost more than 5% of your weight in 1 month, go to a doctor. Unless you are dieting and have added significant exercise, losing weight unexpectedly is not healthy and could be a sign of a deeper health problem.

Many depressed men find that the signs and symptoms of depression in men include a lowering of social activity. While this can mean going out with friends less, not being interested in family or even romantic partners, it can also mean not seeing anyone at all. Majorly depressed men often come home from work and do nothing except perhaps watch television. They feel as if they do not have the energy to talk to their friends and they feel as if they are not interested in the activity. In fact, signs and symptoms of depression in men include a lack of interest in formerly loved hobbies. If you experience a dissatisfaction or disinterest in your hobbies, past times or even in sex, you are displaying signs and symptoms of depression in men.

Reckless behavior is something that most often seen in men during depression. Do you get angry easily? Experience irritability? Drive recklessly? Do dangerous things such as dangerous sports, getting into fights or taking risks with money? Usually this is a sign of depression and is known as escapist behavior (I.E. your mind is attempting to escape from being depressed by find a ‘thrill’.

No matter what signs and symptoms of depression in men you are exhibiting, you should see a doctor or psychologist to get help. Depression is a major problem that can reduce work productivity, result in job loss, affect your family, friends and relationships and even cause you to consider suicide. If you are depressed or have been depressed for some time, you should ask a doctor, chances are there is something very real that you can do about it, even if it is something as small as making a few lifestyle changes. The signs and symptoms of depression are dangerous, and you shouldn’t have to live with them!
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